Tag Archives: Small Arms Treaty

Historical Metaphors and Mythic Realities—Dark Knight Rises, Aurora, and the Olympics—Is there more truth in the movies than the news? A forest of symbols and semiotic (coded) messages…. Are we not ultimately the most legitimate arbiters of our own integrity? Should we blindly believe that which is unbelievable?

Do Cinematic Semiotics tell more than CNN?

It seems undeniable that a growing number of people simply have no confidence in the national government of any member of the U.N. Security Counsel or anything that they say or do—or in the elections that appear to shape their composition for that matter.   Pretty obviously, I am one of that growing number and I just wish it were growing faster.  But here’s what I see:

I am not alone in believing that the more likely explanations for the events in Aurora, Colorado, are to be found in the premier of the Dark Knight Rises, and the initiation of the Olympics strongly suggest than in government pronouncements of any kind, including those quoted on the news.

http://unifiedserenity.wordpress.com/2012/07/24/batman-rises-symbolism-in-aurora-shooting-and-landmarks-points-to-a-ritual-taking-place/

http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message1936994/pg.

As frustrated as I get with my long-time assistant Peyton Freiman sometimes, I have to acknowledge again that he was the first one who pointed out the links between MK Ultra and the new species of staged crime that has so dramatically narrowed the gap between socially-sanctioned ritual-killings, crime, and terrorism that we have seen evolving in America since 1965 at least.  The motif of the lone gunman, the madman, doing things which are on so many levels politically significant.  I quote again from “Godlike Productions” website:

LAST DISCOVERIES London Olympic False Flag & JAMES HOLMES AURORA CARNAGE EXPLAINED! (PIN THIS)

*** Aurora Carnage is a staged False Flag and James Holmes is a MKultra victim, a Manchurian candidate ***

– The Cinema Century 16 (6+1=7) refers to 7/27 as the shooting took place on 7/20/12, just 7 days before 7/27/12.

– The colors on the entry of the Century 16 cinema refers to the Olympic Colors, you can even see the masonic logo on it.

– The carnage was in theater 9 which refers to the “Spooks: Code 9” (a predictive movie about the London Olympic Nuclear False Flag), 9 is the number of completion, the achieved work, ie mass death through a satanic ritual sacrifice.

– James Holmes was a student in the University of Denver which is part of the universities which are involved in the MKUltra program.

– There is a 1986 Batman comics which title is “My Sweet Satan” in which a man gun fire on a crowded theater, the comic shows a spiral behind this man which refers to the MKultra program meaning that the killer has been programmed (manchurian candidate), the comic also shows XXX on the cinema which refers to the London Olympics which are the 30th (XXX in roman means 30 in decimal) olympic games.

– A day before the Aurora Carnage, CNN aired a video news anchor analyzing the conditions for an ordinary man to turn into a movie superhero/supercriminal.

– The trailers of the movies Skyfall and Gangster Squad were played before Screenings of the Dark Knight Rise, these trailers contains very explicit contents which seem to work as a trigger for James Holmes. Gangster Squad has already been withdrawn because of the Aurora Carnage, it shows a group of armed men shooting on a crowded theater.

 Skyfall’s trailer begin with sequence phrase which work as a trigger sequence in MK Ultra, Manchurian Candidate plotline:

Country – Britain
Gun – Shot
Agent – Provocateur
Murder – Employment
Skyfall Skyfall – Done

– The trailer Skyfall also shows a MIND BLOWING PROOF which definitely prooves that this is really connected with Aurora Carnage and that this shooting was actually staged: @0:40 of the Skyfall’s trailer, you can read on a building in red letters: “AURORA”

– There is also an FBI skyfall warning which was issued on the FBI website which title is Skyfall and it’s about a terrorist attack.

– There is a clip by Lil Wayne “My Homies Still” which was released few days before the Aurora Carnage and it shows 12 skulls in a theater (refering to the 12 deaths in the Aurora Carnage), a batman like costume, manikins like the ones used in mkultra programs…

– James Holmes uses the same drug than the drug which killed Heath Lodger who played the character of the Joker in the last Batman… Knowing that Heath Lodger’s death is an illuminati assassination, it confirms that James Holmes is mkultra victim… the illuminati agents use the same technics and drugs.

– James Holmes‘ appearance at court showed him totaly drugged and his eyes bulging, it’s typical of demonic possession by jinns/devils… Mkultra preparation is based on drugs, satanic rituals and demonic possession… James Holmes States was so explicit that the judge has banned cameras on next courts.

– The 2010 movie “Rampage” is the copy paste story of the Aurora Carnage, the attacks are similar, both characters, Bill Williamson, the lead character in “Rampage” and James Holmes looks like each others and have the exact same profile….there is a lot of other similarities and references to the Aurora Carnage’s date and to 7/27/12.

*** More Predictive Programming Movies for the London False Flag ***

– “Kung Fu Panda 2” shows a Big Ben like tower being destroyed, it’s about a Sacrifying its own people, a sacrifice which will take place at the middle of the year (ie the Olympics’ period).

– “Rango” shows a series of explosions from underground tunnels which affect the whole city and make the ground fall and then a big ben like tower clock explodes.

– “Spice World” shows a bomb which is placed under the Londonian bus of the Spice Girls…then the movie continues as oft hey were no bomb and when the movie ends, there is an extra scene in which the bomb explodes…the explosion takes place when the movie is over which refers to a bomb which explodes in London in the real life.

– In “The Sum of All Fears”, the vilains, the neo nazis make a false flag nuclear bomb exploding during the super bowl, the goal is to blame it on the Russian in order to trig a nuclear war between Russia and the USA… In the novel “The Sum of All Fears” by Tom Clancy, the scenario is a bit different, the vilains are the muslims, with the implication of Iran, a nuclear Bomb explodes in Denver during the Super Bowl, in order to trig a nuclear war between Russia and the USA…In retaliation, the USA orders an attack on Qom by nuclear strike… but eventually, they discover that Iran was not involved… This is similar to what is going on in the real life, the London False Flag will be blamed on Iran in order to trig a nuclear WW3 between East and West.

– During the Big Brother UK show, there is a subliminal image which shows a blown up stadium.

– A Vauhxall UK ADS showing the Olympic colors and with the lyrics:

“Run run runaway, runaway baby
Before I put my spell on you
You better get get getaway getaway darling
‘Cause everything you heard is true”

– Denver is at the center of many illuminati stuff:

* Aurora Carnage a DENVER Suburb
* James Holmes is student at the Denver University
* Denver University part of the MKUltra Program
* Illuminati Denver Airport with its satanic murals about ww3 and its huge underground bases
* BlackJack slideshow says that Denver will become the future capital of the world, ie North American Union which will be be born after the London False Flag
* Tom Clancy’s novel “The Sum of All Fears” speaks about a nuclear explosion during the Super Bowl in Denver

– Music Clip “Not Prepared” by Mesh says we are doomed and focus on the London Underground

– more and more terrorist attacks in Syria, Kenya, Bulgaria, Iraq, Denver…in order to desensibilize us about the coming the olympic false flag … The illuminati mainstream media says that these attacks are actually to target israeli tourists and are orchestrated by Iran…. they are preparing us to blame Iran for the coming nuclear false flag… a news report even says that Iran may target the olympics in order to kill israeli people… that makes no sense, but this is brainwashing

– More and more illuminati mainstream media report about lack of security during London Olympics, lack of security guards, major security breaches, the FBI involved, the Mossad involved… we have a similar context than before 9/11…we are prepared to see a terrorist attack in London Olympics… but in reality, it won’t be due to a lack of security, it won’t be Iran… but it will be a false flag planned by the satanic secret elites.

Whatever you may think of someone who looks for coded semiotic messages in Kung-Fu Panda 2, Lil’ Wayne, and Rango (and I most emphatically do NOT)—-this suggests that we are currently in the midst of a crisis in culture as reflected in lack of confidence in all the major institutions of our times—a crisis of almost unprecedented proportions.

I am writing to suggest here that it is in fact because we have turned so far away from the ethical and foundational myths of our own Western Christian Society that we have forgotten the importance of ethics and foundational principles—and so we are wildly thrashing about, looking for truth, groping along the walls like the Blind Men in Isaiah Chapter 59.

We are hungry for justice and fair-play—that is the express message of the Hunger Games, presaged seven years go in V-for-Vendetta and echoed and emphatically confirmed in Dark Knight Rises.  We recognize fraud and hypocrisy in the straightforward pronouncements of “truth” from our government and major institutional authorities, but we lack the code to decipher what is really going on.

“You’re a detective now, you’re not allowed to believe in coincidence anymore” is clearly one of the quotes from Batman: Dark Knight Rises that will endure for a very long time.  Oh, I guess it could be taken as a simple practical bit of advice: “a detective has to follow every lead—no matter how weird or unlikely it looks at first.”  But there is too much else going on in Batman: Dark Knight Rises—to believe that this movie is not directly connected to the major transformational events going on in economic and political society around it.

No, just as I believe that mass murder carried a well-calculated message of political semiotics on 9-11-2001 for the U.S. Government to the American people, I believe that Aurora, Colorado, was (NOT a Satanic—at least not in the mystical sense, but a very practical, real world) a RITUAL murder, a historical enactment of a mythic reality with a political purpose—or perhaps several political purposes.  And it does seem that all signs are that the Brave New World Order will be centered in (if not Denver) then somewhere in Colorado….as it the Hunger Games also predicted..

But even that bit of advice has major political significance: are we not the ultimate arbiters of our own integrity?   Do we not surrender more than our sanity, but our freedom as well if we do not reject and refuse to believe that which is unbelievable?

I intend to write more—the relationship between myth, history, and political structure was after all the subject of my doctoral dissertation at Harvard, but one week after the killing in Aurora, on the day of the highly ritualized opening of the Olympics—and the close of the Small Arms Treaty in New York—it’s enough to say that every human being MUST be a detective, an archaeological digger for truth….in the great rubbish heap of history—past, present and future….

If James Holmes, a Mayflower descendent, has been selected by the powers that be (under Obama) as the symbol for the decline and decadence of the Anglo-Saxon Protestant people in the nation they founded, that too is very sad…. but extremely significant.  I have not yet been able to discover whether he’s related to the line of Oliver Wendell Holmes of Massachusetts, also an MYF lineage of some significance, though at the present it appears that these are two separate families…

UN arms treaty aims at terror, but puts Second Amendment in crosshairs

Even the Mainstream Media (well, OK, it’s Fox) recognizes what’s really going on here….

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/07/20/un-arms-treaty-aims-at-terror-but-puts-second-amendment-in-crosshairs/, see also: http://www.causes.com/causes/623155-stop-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-va-from-banning-the-word-god-from-military-funerals/actions/1668616?causes_ref=email&template=activity_mailer%2Fnew_activity&utm_campaign=action_email&utm_medium=email&utm_source=causes
  • United Nations Building New York

    Inside the UN, world leaders take aim at gun rights, say critics.

UNITED NATIONS –  American Second Amendment rights and U.S. foreign policy interests could be directly threatened by the latest wording of a United Nations draft treaty seeking control over international trade in conventional weapons, FoxNews.com has learned.

A U.S. delegate argued against the provisions during closed-door talks Friday, but insiders close to the proceedings say UN approval of a final document by the self-imposed July 27 deadline remains likely.

The development comes just days after Wayne LaPierre, executive vice president of the National Rifle Association, warned there should be “no compromise” on the issue of a U.S. citizen’s right to own a firearm.

“We will not stand idly by while international organizations, whether state-based or stateless, attempt to undermine the fundamental liberties that our men and women in uniform have fought so bravely to preserve – and on which our entire American system of government is based,” LaPierre told the UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).

The latest draft bars weapons transfers to “non-state actors” – which, by definition, include private citizens.

“The ATT will not limit the ability of terrorists to acquire arms.”

– Ted Bromund, Heritage Foundation

While treaty supporters say the provision speaks to a long-stated goal of denying weapons to terrorists, many experts warn of wider consequences.

“The ATT will not limit the ability of terrorists to acquire arms. The reason for this is simple: The UN has never defined terrorism, because some member states insist that terrorist groups like Hamas are struggling against so-called foreign occupation,” Ted Bromund, senior research fellow with the Washington-based Heritage Foundation’s Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom, told the conference last week.

Implementation of the latest draft risks restricting U.S. foreign policy because it could limit Washington’s ability to sell arms to strategic allies such as Israel and Taiwan, one insider explained.

“It says states ‘shall not authorize’ arms transfers unless they take account of certain issues, but the U.S. took the view that [the criteria] was incompatible with the current U.S. export control system,” this insider explained.

Despite the U.S. objections, the source told FoxNews.com: “Momentum overall is still very strong for getting a treaty.” To meet the deadline, emergency sessions have been arranged for this weekend – even though translators may not be on hand.

The U.S. mission to the UN did not respond to a request for comment on the latest turns in the talks, which are taking place in New York.

UN resistance to exempting civilian arms from the treaty is linked to the fact that few of the world body’s 193 member states provide their citizens with a constitutional right to bear arms.

The U.S. opposition to arms transfer restrictions, meanwhile, marks a clear acknowledgement on the part of the Obama administration that the treaty, as it stands, risks straitjacketing U.S. foreign policy.

Indeed, such wording applied historically might have constrained the Reagan Doctrine, which allowed for giving overt and covert aid to anti-communist resistance movements during the ultimately successful Cold War confrontation against the Soviet Union.

In discussing other ways the draft treaty has evolved, the source close to the talks said there is now “some momentum” towards exempting ammunition from the treaty. This would meet a key U.S. and gun lobby demand. There may now also be no reporting requirements for small arms and light weapons sales.

But the U.S. Friday did not oppose the draft treaty’s call for proscription of arms transfers that “prolong international instability,” the source confided.

With the word “instability” serving as UN code for “war,” this provision could arguably help aggressors who strike first to hold onto their gains, some analysts will argue. That’s because states would not be able to help the losing side by arming it.

But the U.S. Friday did not oppose the draft treaty’s call for proscription of arms transfers that “prolong international instability,” the source confided.

With the word “instability” serving as UN code for “war,” this provision could arguably help aggressors to hold onto their gains, some analysts will argue. That’s because states would not be able to help the losing side by arming it.

Steven Edwards is a UN-Based freelance journalist. Follow him on Twitter: @stevenmedwards

Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/07/20/un-arms-treaty-aims-at-terror-but-puts-second-amendment-in-crosshairs/#ixzz21KVoGHML

There are two things I don’t believe in: Leprechauns and Coincidence…..you know I’m right about the Leprechauns, don’t you? Look first at the Flyer from the FBI-Department of Homeland Security

FBI DHS 05-12-2012 Terrorist Attacks on Theatres Predicted  AND

http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message1933086/pg1

OK, I admit it, my title-headline was shamelessly stolen from what Buffy Summers said to Rupert Giles in the third episode of Season III of Buffy the Vampire Slayer entitled “Faith, Hope, & Trick” (originally aired October 13, 1998).  A la recherche du temps perdu…. But that doesn’t make it any less serious, especially when Gotham Police Chief Gordon says to Robin John Blake “You’re a detective now: you’re not allowed to believe in coincidence anymore.”

http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message1931198/pg.

As of 6:15 PM on Saturday, July 21, 2012, I had to confess that am SOOO completely jaded and cynical—I feel so ABSOLUTELY certain that the shooting of 70 victims in Aurora, Colorado was a government planned event—designed to coincide with the Small Arms Treaty that Hillary wants to present to the Senate….and take place just before the Republican National Convention.  Anyhow, I am so convinced that this is a government plot that I offer $10,000 to anyone who can convince me otherwise (that would be $10,000.00 in Federal Reserve Notes, unfortunately—no constitutional gold OR Silver available).
This is  a serious offer, I invite presentations of argument, logic, and evidence, which I will happily publish here, and respond to or comment upon as necessary, including admitting I am convinced if I am…
As of Midnight on Wednesday July 25—I can only say I am more convinced than ever—the arsenal James Holmes had collected in his apartment was expensive—and way outside of MY limited arms budget….although one can always dream—anyone who amassed that kind of arsenal, and so carefully booby-trapped his apartment, would have had the sense to plan an escape if he had been for real—the fact that he didn’t even resist arrest is still very poignant evidence in my mind that this was a staged crime meant to be solved and dramatized to the world IMMEDIATELY, THIS MONTH, on the first anniversary of Adreas Breivik’s stupid attacks in Norway…
In my experience, they always time these events to coincide with major gun control efforts, and this is basically the LAST one before we lose all the same rights that the English have lost….
You HAVE heard about the Small Arms Treaty, and Hillary’s treasonous conduct in relation thereto…., haven’t you?  20 miles from Columbine?  You REALLY believe that’s mere coincidence?  GIVE ME A BREAK—Colorado is one of the KEY testing grounds for the New World Order/Brave New World….not to mention the most probable location of the Capitol of Panem….in the Hunger Games…  You should see some of Jesse Ventura’s videos about the Denver Airport…. if you haven’t already.  I think the Capitol of Panem is basically supposed to be—right where Aspen is right now….. not a bad guess, actually….it’s already one of the richest and most elite centers on the North American continent…. I should know….my grandmother and mother used to go there EVERY summer…. My grandfather would stay for the music festival and that was it….
In Suzanne Collins’ Panem, quite meaningfully, the ownership of guns and even bows and arrows was absolutely forbidden to anyone but the Capitol’s “Peacekeepers”—a meaningful cross between Star Wars’ Storm Trooper’s and the Department of Homeland Security….   Individual ownership of arms is nothing short of the SECOND cornerstone of liberty, second ONLY to FREEDOM OF RELIGION, FREEDOM OF SPEECH, FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, the RIGHT to ASSEMBLE, and the RIGHT TO PETITION FOR GRIEVANCES….just as the order of amendments in the Constitution would suggest…
Look at what the Supreme Court wrote just two years and one month ago in MacDonald v. City of Chicago 06-28-2010 McDonald v City of Chicago Ill 130 SCt 3020:

…..we now turn directly to the question whether the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms is incorporated in the concept of due process. In answering that question, as just explained, we must decide whether the right to keep and bear arms is fundamental to our scheme of ordered liberty, Duncan, 391 U.S., at 149, 88 S.Ct. 1444, or as we have said in a related context, whether this right is “deeply rooted in this Nation’s history and tradition,” Washington v. Glucksberg, 521 U.S. 702, 721, 117 S.Ct. 2302, 138 L.Ed.2d 772 (1997) (internal quotation marks omitted).

A

Our decision in Heller points unmistakably to the answer. Self-defense is a basic right, recognized by many legal systems from ancient times to the present day,15 and in Heller, we held that individual self-defense is “the central component ” of the Second Amendment right. 554 U.S., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2801–2802; see also id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2817 (stating that the “inherent right of self-defense has been central to the Second Amendment right”). Explaining that “the need for defense of self, family, and property is most acute” in the home, ibid., we found that this right applies to handguns because they are “the most preferred firearm in the nation to ‘keep’ and use for protection of one’s home and family,” id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2818 (some internal quotation marks omitted); see also id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2817 (noting that handguns are “overwhelmingly chosen by American society for [the] lawful purpose” of self-defense); id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2818 (“[T]he American people have considered the handgun to be the quintessential self-defense weapon”). Thus, we concluded, citizens must be permitted “to use [handguns] for the core lawful purpose of self-defense.” Id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2818.

Heller makes it clear that this right is “deeply rooted in this Nation’s history and tradition.” Glucksberg, supra, at 721, 117 S.Ct. 2302 (internal quotation marks omitted). Heller explored the right’s origins, noting that the 1689 English Bill of Rights explicitly protected a right to keep arms for self-defense, 554 U.S., at –––– – ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2797–2798, and that by 1765, Blackstone was able to assert that the right to keep and bear arms was “one of the fundamental rights of Englishmen,” id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2798.

*3037 Blackstone’s assessment was shared by the American colonists. As we noted in Heller, King George III’s attempt to disarm the colonists in the 1760’s and 1770’s “provoked polemical reactions by Americans invoking their rights as Englishmen to keep arms.”16 Id., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2799; see also L. Levy, Origins of the Bill of Rights 137–143 (1999) (hereinafter Levy).

The right to keep and bear arms was considered no less fundamental by those who drafted and ratified the Bill of Rights. “During the 1788 ratification debates, the fear that the federal government would disarm the people in order to impose rule through a standing army or select militia was pervasive in Antifederalist rhetoric.” Heller, supra, at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2801 (citing Letters from the Federal Farmer III (Oct. 10, 1787), in 2 The Complete Anti–Federalist 234, 242 (H. Storing ed.1981)); see also Federal Farmer: An Additional Number of Letters to the Republican, Letter XVIII (Jan. 25, 1788), in 17 Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution 360, 362–363 (J. Kaminski & G. Saladino eds.1995); S. Halbrook, The Founders’ Second Amendment 171–278 (2008). Federalists responded, not by arguing that the right was insufficiently important to warrant protection but by contending that the right was adequately protected by the Constitution’s assignment of only limited powers to the Federal Government. Heller, supra, at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2801–2802; cf. The Federalist No. 46, p. 296 (C. Rossiter ed. 1961) (J. Madison). Thus, Antifederalists and Federalists alike agreed that the right to bear arms was fundamental to the newly formed system of government. See Levy 143–149; J. Malcolm, To Keep and Bear Arms: The Origins of an Anglo–American Right 155–164 (1994). But those who were fearful that the new Federal Government would infringe traditional rights such as the right to keep and bear arms insisted on the adoption of the Bill of Rights as a condition for ratification of the Constitution. See 1 J. Elliot, The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution 327–331 (2d ed. 1854); 3 id., at 657–661;  4 id., at 242–246, 248–249; see also Levy 26–34; A. Kelly & W. Harbison, The American Constitution: Its Origins and Development 110, 118 (7th ed.1991). This is surely powerful evidence that the right was regarded as fundamental in the sense relevant here.

This understanding persisted in the years immediately following the ratification of the Bill of Rights. In addition to the four States that had adopted Second Amendment analogues before ratification, nine more States adopted state constitutional provisions protecting an individual right to keep and bear arms between 1789 and 1820. Heller, supra, at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2802–2804. Founding-era legal commentators confirmed the importance of the right to early Americans. St. George Tucker, for example, described the right to keep and bear arms as “the true palladium of liberty” and explained that prohibitions on the right would place liberty “on the brink of destruction.” 1 Blackstone’s Commentaries, Editor’s App. 300 (S. Tucker ed. 1803); see also W. Rawle, A View of the Constitution of the United States of America, 125–126 (2d ed. 1829) (reprint *3038 2009); 3 J. Story, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States § 1890, p. 746 (1833) (“The right of the citizens to keep and bear arms has justly been considered, as the palladium of the liberties of a republic; since it offers a strong moral check against the usurpation and arbitrary power of rulers; and will generally, even if these are successful in the first instance, enable the people to resist and triumph over them”).

B1

By the 1850’s, the perceived threat that had prompted the inclusion of the Second Amendment in the Bill of Rights—the fear that the National Government would disarm the universal militia—had largely faded as a popular concern, but the right to keep and bear arms was highly valued for purposes of self-defense. See M. Doubler, Civilian in Peace, Soldier in War 87–90 (2003); Amar, Bill of Rights 258–259. Abolitionist authors wrote in support of the right. See L. Spooner, The Unconstitutionality of Slavery 66 (1860) (reprint 1965); J. Tiffany, A Treatise on the Unconstitutionality of American Slavery 117–118 (1849) (reprint 1969). And when attempts were made to disarm “Free–Soilers” in “Bloody Kansas,” Senator Charles Sumner, who later played a leading role in the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, proclaimed that “[n]ever was [the rifle] more needed in just self-defense than now in Kansas.” The Crime Against Kansas: The Apologies for the Crime: The True Remedy, Speech of Hon. Charles Sumner in the Senate of the United States 64–65 (1856). Indeed, the 1856 Republican Party Platform protested that in Kansas the constitutional rights of the people had been “fraudulently and violently taken from them” and the “right of the people to keep and bear arms” had been “infringed.” National Party Platforms 1840–1972, p. 27 (5th ed.1973).17

After the Civil War, many of the over 180,000 African Americans who served in the Union Army returned to the States of the old Confederacy, where systematic efforts were made to disarm them and other blacks. See Heller, 554 U.S., at ––––, 128 S.Ct., at 2810; E. Foner, Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution 1863–1877, p. 8 (1988) (hereinafter Foner). The laws of some States formally prohibited African Americans from possessing firearms. For example, a Mississippi law provided that “no freedman, free negro or mulatto, not in the military service of the United States government, and not licensed so to do by the board of police of his or her county, shall keep or carry fire-arms of any kind, or any ammunition, dirk or bowie knife.” Certain Offenses of Freedmen, 1865 Miss. Laws p. 165, § 1, in 1 Documentary History of Reconstruction 289 (W. Fleming ed.1950); see also Regulations for Freedmen in Louisiana, in id., at 279–280; H.R. Exec. Doc. No. 70, 39th Cong., 1st Sess., 233, 236 (1866) (describing a Kentucky law); E. McPherson, The Political History of the United States of America During the Period of Reconstruction 40 (1871) (describing a Florida law); id., at 33 (describing an Alabama law).18

*3039 Throughout the South, armed parties, often consisting of ex-Confederate soldiers serving in the state militias, forcibly took firearms from newly freed slaves. In the first session of the 39th Congress, Senator Wilson told his colleagues: “In Mississippi rebel State forces, men who were in the rebel armies, are traversing the State, visiting the freedmen, disarming them, perpetrating murders and outrages upon them; and the same things are done in other sections of the country.” 39th Cong. Globe 40 (1865). The Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction—which was widely reprinted in the press and distributed by Members of the 39th Congress to their constituents shortly after Congress approved the Fourteenth Amendment19—contained numerous examples of such abuses. See, e.g., Joint Committee on Reconstruction, H.R.Rep. No. 30, 39th Cong., 1st Sess., pt. 2, pp. 219, 229, 272, pt. 3, pp. 46, 140, pt. 4, pp. 49–50 (1866); see also S. Exec. Doc. No. 2, 39th Cong., 1st Sess., 23–24, 26, 36 (1865). In one town, the “marshal [took] all arms from returned colored soldiers, and [was] very prompt in shooting the blacks whenever an opportunity occur[red].” H.R. Exec. Doc. No. 70, at 238 (internal quotation marks omitted). As Senator Wilson put it during the debate on a failed proposal to disband Southern militias: “There is one unbroken chain of testimony from all people that are loyal to this country, that the greatest outrages are perpetrated by armed men who go up and down the country searching houses, disarming people, committing outrages of every kind and description.” 39th Cong. Globe 915 (1866).20

Union Army commanders took steps to secure the right of all citizens to keep and bear arms,21 but the 39th Congress concluded *3040 that legislative action was necessary. Its efforts to safeguard the right to keep and bear arms demonstrate that the right was still recognized to be fundamental.

The most explicit evidence of Congress’ aim appears in § 14 of the Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 1866, which provided that “the right … to have full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings concerning personal liberty, personal security, and the acquisition, enjoyment, and disposition of estate, real and personal, including the constitutional right to bear arms, shall be secured to and enjoyed by all the citizens … without respect to race or color, or previous condition of slavery.” 14 Stat. 176–177 (emphasis added).22 Section 14 thus explicitly guaranteed that “all the citizens,” black and white, would have “the constitutional right to bear arms.”

The Civil Rights Act of 1866, 14 Stat. 27, which was considered at the same time as the Freedmen’s Bureau Act, similarly sought to protect the right of all citizens to keep and bear arms.23 Section 1 of the Civil Rights Act guaranteed the “full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property, as is enjoyed by white citizens.” Ibid. This language was virtually identical to language in § 14 of the Freedmen’s Bureau Act, 14 Stat. 176–177 (“the right … to have full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings concerning personal liberty, personal security, and the acquisition, enjoyment, and disposition of estate, real and personal”). And as noted, the latter provision went on to explain that one of the “laws and proceedings concerning personal liberty, personal security, and the acquisition, enjoyment, and disposition of estate, real and personal” was “the constitutional right to bear arms.” Ibid. Representative Bingham believed that the Civil Rights Act protected the same rights as enumerated in the Freedmen’s Bureau bill, which of course explicitly mentioned the right to keep and bear arms. 39th Cong. Globe 1292. The unavoidable conclusion is that the Civil Rights Act, like the Freedmen’s Bureau Act, aimed to protect “the constitutional *3041 right to bear arms” and not simply to prohibit discrimination. See also Amar, Bill of Rights 264–265 (noting that one of the “core purposes of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and of the Fourteenth Amendment was to redress the grievances” of freedmen who had been stripped of their arms and to “affirm the full and equal right of every citizen to self-defense”).

Congress, however, ultimately deemed these legislative remedies insufficient. Southern resistance, Presidential vetoes, and this Court’s pre-Civil-War precedent persuaded Congress that a constitutional amendment was necessary to provide full protection for the rights of blacks.24 Today, it is generally accepted that the Fourteenth Amendment was understood to provide a constitutional basis for protecting the rights set out in the Civil Rights Act of 1866. See General Building Contractors Assn., Inc. v. Pennsylvania, 458 U.S. 375, 389, 102 S.Ct. 3141, 73 L.Ed.2d 835 (1982); see also Amar, Bill of Rights 187; Calabresi, Two Cheers for Professor Balkin’s Originalism, 103 Nw. U.L.Rev. 663, 669–670 (2009).

In debating the Fourteenth Amendment, the 39th Congress referred to the right to keep and bear arms as a fundamental right deserving of protection. Senator Samuel Pomeroy described three “indispensable” “safeguards of liberty under our form of Government.” 39th Cong. Globe 1182. One of these, he said, was the right to keep and bear arms:

“Every man … should have the right to bear arms for the defense of himself and family and his homestead. And if the cabin door of the freedman is broken open and the intruder enters for purposes as vile as were known to slavery, then should a well-loaded musket be in the hand of the occupant to send the polluted wretch to another world, where his wretchedness will forever remain complete.” Ibid.

Even those who thought the Fourteenth Amendment unnecessary believed that blacks, as citizens, “have equal right to protection, and to keep and bear arms for self-defense.” Id., at 1073 (Sen. James Nye); see also Foner 258–259.25

Evidence from the period immediately following the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment only confirms that the right to keep and bear arms was considered fundamental. In an 1868 speech addressing the disarmament of freedmen, Representative Stevens emphasized the necessity of the right: “Disarm a community and you rob them of the means of defending life. Take away their weapons of defense and you take away the inalienable right of defending liberty.” “The fourteenth amendment, now so happily adopted, settles the whole question.” Cong. Globe, 40th Cong., 2d Sess., 1967. And in debating the Civil Rights Act of 1871, Congress routinely *3042 referred to the right to keep and bear arms and decried the continued disarmament of blacks in the South. See Halbrook, Freedmen 120–131. Finally, legal commentators from the period emphasized the fundamental nature of the right. See, e.g., T. Farrar, Manual of the Constitution of the United States of America § 118, p. 145 (1867) (reprint 1993); J. Pomeroy, An Introduction to the Constitutional Law of the United States § 239, pp. 152–153 (3d ed. 1875).

The right to keep and bear arms was also widely protected by state constitutions at the time when the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified. In 1868, 22 of the 37 States in the Union had state constitutional provisions explicitly protecting the right to keep and bear arms. See Calabresi & Agudo, Individual Rights Under State Constitutions when the Fourteenth Amendment was Ratified in 1868: What Rights Are Deeply Rooted in American History and Tradition? 87 Texas L.Rev. 7, 50 (2008).26 Quite a few of these state constitutional guarantees, moreover, explicitly protected the right to keep and bear arms as an individual right to self-defense. See Ala. Const., Art. I, § 28 (1868); Conn. Const., Art. I, § 17 (1818); Ky. Const., Art. XIII, § 25 (1850); Mich. Const., Art. XVIII, § 7 (1850); Miss. Const., Art. I, § 15 (1868); Mo. Const., Art. I, § 8 (1865); Tex. Const., Art. I, § 13 (1869); see also Mont. Const., Art. III, § 13 (1889); Wash. Const., Art. I, § 24 (1889); Wyo. Const., Art. I, § 24 (1889); see also State v. McAdams, 714 P.2d 1236, 1238 (Wyo.1986). What is more, state constitutions adopted during the Reconstruction era by former Confederate States included a right to keep and bear arms. See, e.g., Ark. Const., Art. I, § 5 (1868); Miss. Const., Art. I, § 15 (1868); Tex. Const., Art. I, § 13 (1869). A clear majority of the States in 1868, therefore, recognized the right to keep and bear arms as being among the foundational rights necessary to our system of Government.27

In sum, it is clear that the Framers and ratifiers of the Fourteenth Amendment counted the right to keep and bear arms among those fundamental rights necessary to our system of ordered liberty.

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Given the level of planning apparent in James Holmes little operation on the opening night of Batman, it is quite inconceivable that he acted alone, without substantial assistance and sanctioned cooperation.  So no, I do not believe James Holmes acted alone any more Andreas Breivik “acted alone” in Norway, any more than I believe that Lee Harvey Oswald did in Dallas…. Andreas Breivik is just a much more compliant and better trained Patsy than Oswald was—he was going to tell the whole story, and that’s why Jack Ruby shot him….can any sane person believe otherwise?
As for insane people who do believe otherwise, I took note of my dear old flame Orly Taitz’ blog today (July 21 2012—as of 4:07 on Saturday, she had only posted: http://www.orlytaitzesq.com/?p=193776):
In her original post, Orly totally ignored the Small Arms Treaty Coincidence and comes as close to saying absolutely nothing relevant or meaningful about the historical moment and context as one possibly can.   Her arguments were so completely hollow that  I cannot but take them as confirmation that she is part of Obama’s plan….. she is part of the calculated deception of our nation’s population.
So I find it interesting that, just after 4, barely two hours after I posted my original piece on Aurora, Holmes and the Small Arms Treaty, Orly Posted an article apparently attributed to someone name Paul Irey (I don’t know him) http://www.orlytaitzesq.com/?p=193933  Maybe Leprechauns told her she needed to shore up and bolster her credibility…..